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Grand Matsu Temple

Tainan CityHistoric Sites
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  • Grand Matsu Temple
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  • Grand Matsu Temple

Tainan Grand Matsu Temple (Datianhou Temple) is commonly known as a Mazu Temple of Tainan-the first Mazu Temple built by the government in Taiwan. The god worshipped in Tainan Grand Matsu Temple (Datianhou Temple) is The Heaven God Mother, or widely called Mother Mazu, the most worshipped god in the Taiwanese society. The Tainan Grand Matsu Temple (Datianhou Temple) was originally the palace of Emperor Ningjing of the Ming Dynasty. In 1684, after admiral Hsih Long had occupied Taiwan, he found that Mazu was mostly worshipped by the Taiwanese people and as a way to easy their hard feeling towards foreign rule, he then reported to the emperor and requested to have the Ningjing Palace rebuilt into a Mazu Temple and promoted Mazu to Tianhou, meaning the Heaven God Mother. Since then the Mazu temple is called Tainan Grand Matsu Temple (Datianhou Temple). Tainan Grand Matsu Temple (Datianhou Temple) can be divided into 4 main parts: the San Chuan Hall, the Worship Hall, the Main Hall and the Back Hall. The lively large sized Mazu statue is the main feature of the Temple. It was the master piece of a sculptor from Chuan Chou about 300 years ago and is the representative work of Taiwan's sculpturing of its kind. 

In all temples, there are door guarding gods. To shows its class, the door guarding gods in the Tainan Grand Matsu Temple (Datianhou Temple) are not by drawing but decorated by nails. Besides, owing to its unique status, there are numerous plates from well known scholars and VIP's and some of them even endorsed by emperors of different dynasties, making them of so much historical value. At the two sides on the walls of the Worship Hall there fitted two pieces of stone tablets. One of them was set up in 1685 by admiral Hsih Long, laying down the whole invasion process of Taiwan as well as how to soothe and manage the people thereafter. This stone tablet is the earliest Qing tablet now being kept in Taiwan. Tainan Grand Matsu Temple (Datianhou Temple) is full of architectural features as well as things of cultural heritage. Visitors just feel like walking into some ancient art exhibition halls. Everything is so valuable and worth studying.

Tainan Grand Matsu Temple (Datianhou Temple) was built in 1684 for the worship of Taiwan's most popular deity; Mazu, Goddess of the Sea. Mazu is the patron deity of fishermen, and her birthday on the 23rd day of the third lunar month (it falls in April or May) is celebrated each year with frenetic explosions of colorful activity.

The goddess is usually flanked by two guardians, Eyes that See a Thousand Miles and Ears that Hear on the Wind; these are said to have once been malevolent spirits who were reformed by Matsu's example and now use their powers to help her do good works. A secondary deity in this temple is the Old Man under the Moon, a sort of matchmaker god worshipped especially by unmarried men and women. They believe that all they need do is pray to the god for a red matrimonial thread or apply their rouge before him and they will quickly find a mate.

Travel Information

(Traffic information is subject to change. Please check with the transportation station before departure.)

Nat'l Hwy 1 → Yongkang Interchange → Zhongzheng N. Rd. → Zhongzheng S. Rd. →Gongyuan Rd. → Sec.2, Minzu Rd. → Sec.2, Yongfu Rd. → Ln. 227, Sec. 2, Yongfu Rd.

  1. Take train to Tainan Station, transfer No. 3, 5 city bus to Chi-Kan Lou stop.
  2. Take the train to Tainan Staion, transfer to 99 Anping to Taijiang Route, get off at Chihkan Tower stop.


Area Information

Last update time: 2020-09-26
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